The Institute Ilha of the Caju Ecodevelopment and Research - ICEP is a non-profit, educational, technical-scientific and cultural civil society committed to the sustainable development and environmental preservation of the Ilha do Caju and its surroundings, in the Delta of Rio Parnaíba, as well as in other regions, through initiatives and actions involving the community, the technical-scientific, environmental, educational, public and private sectors.

Some achievements of INSTITUTO ISLAND OF THE CAJU ECODESENVOLVIMENTO E RESEARCH - ICEP

Actions Taken

- Environmental Diagnosis of Ilha do Caju in agreement with LABOHIDRO - Laboratory of Hydrobiology of the State University of Maranhão - Department of Oceanography and Limnology - Prof. Dr. Marcio Costa Fernandez Vaz dos Santos - 1999 to 2000;

- Guará Project - 1999 - Agreement with UFMA - Federal University of the State of Maranhão.

Prof. Dr. Antonio Augusto Ferreira Rodrigues - Coordinator of the Department of Migratory Birds of UFMA Federal University of Maranhão;

Foto: Chico Rasta

- Study of the population status of the "Guará" bird (Eudocimus ruber) in the territories of Caju and Ilha do Caju and a comparative study of "DNA" among the populations of Guarás on the two islands.

- RPPN ILHA DO CAJU - 102ha

Environmental study required to obtain the recognition, by the Superintendence of IBAMA, in the State of Maranhão, for a specific area of 102 ha of the Ilha do Caju, of the status of Private Reserve of Natural Patrimony - RPPN;

Creation of a RPPN - Private Reserve of Natural Heritage, in the Ilha do Caju - the RPPN ILHA DO CAJU

- Carnivorous Project - Feeding ecology of the raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus) in the Ilha do Caju-MA; Agreement with UEMA - State University of Maranhão 1997; Prof. Tadeu G. Oliveira / Biologist: Narjara de Oliveira Bogea;

- Prospecting work on macroalgae in the Parnaíba River Delta

Fishing Engineer - Antonio da Costa Albuquerque.

- Member of the Tourist Council of the Pole Coast of the Delta - Integrated Poles of Tourism - PRODETUR II - since 2003;

- Partner of the project "Development of a Participatory Management Plan for the Crab-uçá Fishery, Ucides cordatus, in the Environmental Protection Area of the Parnaíba River Delta, prepared by EMBRAPA Meio-Norte in partnership with CEPENE, SEBRAE, IBAMA and Instituto do Caju Ecodevelopment and Research - since 2003;

- Member of the Advisory Council of the APA Delta do Parnaíba - since 2002;

- Member of the Steering Committee of the Delta Ecotourism Pole – since 2002;

- Member of the Steering Committee of the Delta Ecotourism Pole;

- Partnership with the Eco-Volunteers Program;

- Member of the White Wing Association of RPPN's of Piauí, Ceará and Maranhão;

- Cetaceans Project of Maranhão - VON MARTIUS ENVIRONMENTAL AWARD category NATURE;

- Floristic Inventory Project of the Ilha do Caju, Araioses, State of Maranhão
INSTITUTION: FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF PIAUI, CAMPUS MINISTER REIS VELLOSO, PARNAIBA-PI
TEAM: PROF. IVANILZA MOREIRA DE ANDRADE
STUDENT: MARIA GRACELIA PAIVA BIRTH
3rd place: Accidental and Intentional Fishing of Cetaceans in the Maranhão Coast: Alternative source of income versus conservation of species;

- Cetaceos do Maranhao Project - PROCEMA - Public Selection 2006 sponsored by PETROBRAS through the Petrobras Environmental Program - PPA.

- Ecotourism Project on the Ilha do Caju - Man vs. Nature

Ecotourism Project in ILHA DO CAJU - MAN X NATURE

The ecotourism developed in the Ilha do Caju is differentiated, it aims at the conservation of the ecosystems and it is destined to small groups of visitors. Thanks to the variety of ecosystems on the island, visits are made to interested groups, not only to visit, but also to carry out ecological studies about the region, to know the local culture and the traditional populations.

In the Island, predatory fishing, hunting, animal harassment and deforestation are prohibited. Respect for the nature and habits of the local community is disseminated through environmental education programs and sustainable socio-economic development.

D) Survey of the birds of the Ilha do Caju, municipality of Araioses, MA. Coordinator: Antonio Augusto Ferreira Rodrigues Department of Biology, UFMA

Spoonbill in Canto do Areal - Photo: Christian Knepper

The State of Maranhão thus far has 636 registered bird species, which corresponds to 40% of the total bird species for Brazil (Oren 1991).

Although Maranhão is extremely important for avifauna, there is a risk of loss of several species if a strict conservation program is not implemented urgently (Oren 1991, this work).

The species were raised through observations using binoculars and through mist-nets catches. Two observers worked on binocular surveys (Antonio Augusto Ferreira Rodrigues and Carlos Martinez) from April to July 1999.

We use keys for field observations citing the acronym (AA = Antonio Augusto and CM = Carlos Martinez). The catches were all made by Antonio Augusto and Ana Tereza Lyra Lopes. Data from previous reports from Ilha do Caju (unknown authors), cites species not registered by us. We kept the species on the list, using the acronym RIC (Ilha do Caju Report). In the case of Pionopsitta barrabandi, the species is from the upper Amazon, southern Venezuela and Rio Negro to the Madeira and northern Mato Grosso (Sick 1997), and there are no citations for the Brazilian northeast.

A list of 119 species recorded to date is shown in table 1, where they are verified: Bird family, scientific name, common name, type of record (O = Observed, C = Captured) and Observer.

The avifauna of Ilha do Caju presents an excellent degree of conservation and a complex of species belonging to diverse habitats, from restinga areas, through flooded fields to coastal areas with lush mangroves. This mosaic of habitats reflects the high diversity of bird species in the region.

The maintenance of the habitats of Ilha do Caju is of fundamental importance in the conservation of the species that live there. The use of the Island for ecological tourism purposes should take into account the fragility of ecosystems, especially during the reproductive period of some species such as herons, guarás, socós, etc.

Click to Download (PT_BR): Survey of birds

Bibliographic references:
Oren, D. C. 1991. Birds of the State of Maranhão, Brazil. Goeldiana Zool. 9: 1-55.
Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia Brasileira. Rio de Janeiro. Editora Nova Fronteira.

ENVIRONMENTAL DIAGNOSIS OF ILHA DO CAJU
FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF MARANHÃO
Department of Oceanography and Limnology
Laboratory of Hydrobiology
Environmental Diagnosis of Ilha do Caju
Report of Analysis of Environmental Units
Execution
Laboratory of Hydrobiology - Labohidro
June - 1999

 

 

PROJECT CETÁCEOS DO MARANHAO - PROCEMA

PETROBRAS SPONSORSHIP THROUGH THE PETROBRAS ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAM - PPA

PUBLIC SELECTION 2006

 

 

 

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Release PROCEMA

PROJECT CETÁCEOS DO MARANHÃO - PROCEMA, sponsored by the Petrobras Environmental Program - Public Selection 2006, whose main objective is to evaluate the occurrence of mammals (dolphins, whales and dolphins) in the region and work together with the communities of the municipalities that are part of the APA Delta do Parnaíba. The activities of PROCEMA are developed in three distinct lines: Monitoring, Fisheries Extension and Environmental Education. The monitoring follows three methodologies: monitoring of beaches, where biologists travel along the coast of the states of Piauí and Maranhão, aiming to record the stranding of cetaceans alive or dead; monitoring at a fixed point in two distinct areas, in Piauí and Maranhão - APA Delta do Parnaíba, already identified as important areas for observation of small cetaceans; and the monitoring through shipments, always in search of data regarding the observation of cetaceans in natural environment. In the area of ​​fishery extension, information is obtained from fishermen in the communities through informal conversations and questionnaires. The objective is to evaluate the research project, and the empirical knowledge of the fishermen in relation to cetaceans. Given the importance of environmental education as an instrument for changing paradigms, PROCEMA / ICEP has been carrying out activities aimed at reaching students at all levels of school, community leaders, opinion leaders and other segments of society. With the intention of increasing knowledge about cetaceans in the region, the Center for Environmental Education of Marine Life was created sponsored by the Petrobras Ambiental / PROCEMA Program, located on the Ilha do Caju / MA, composed of a collection of skeletons of aquatic mammals stranded on beaches of the Parnaíba Delta. This center is the largest in the Northeast in skeletons mounted on suspended steel cables, where you can see the skeleton of a sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus), a minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), a Bryde whale (balaenoptera edeni ) and a Gray-footed Booby (Sotalia guianensis). This space for groups of students, researchers, ecotourists and surrounding communities seeks to raise awareness about marine conservation in the Parnaíba River Delta.

MARANHÃO - PROCEMA, sponsored by the Petrobras Environmental Program - Public Selection 2006, whose main objective is to evaluate the occurrence of mammals (dolphins, whales and dolphins) in the region and work together with the communities of the municipalities that are part of the APA Delta do Parnaíba. The activities of PROCEMA are developed in three distinct lines: Monitoring, Fisheries Extension and Environmental Education. The monitoring follows three methodologies: monitoring of beaches, where biologists travel along the coast of the states of Piauí and Maranhão, aiming to record the stranding of cetaceans alive or dead; monitoring at a fixed point in two distinct areas, in Piauí and Maranhao - APA Delta do Parnaíba, already identified as important areas for observation of small cetaceans; and the monitoring through shipments, always in search of data regarding the observation of cetaceans in natural environment. In the area of ​​fishery extension, information is obtained from fishermen in the communities through informal conversations and questionnaires. The objective is to evaluate the research project, and the empirical knowledge of the fishermen in relation to cetaceans. Given the importance of environmental education as an instrument for changing paradigms, PROCEMA / ICEP has been carrying out activities aimed at reaching students at all levels of school, community leaders, opinion leaders and other segments of society. With the intention of increasing knowledge about cetaceans in the region, the Center for Environmental Education of Marine Life was created sponsored by the Petrobras Ambiental / PROCEMA Program, located on the Ilha do Caju / MA, composed of a collection of skeletons of aquatic mammals stranded on beaches of the Parnaíba Delta. This center is the largest in the Northeast in skeletons mounted on suspended steel cables, where you can see the skeleton of a sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus), a minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), a Bryde whale (balaenoptera edeni ) and a Gray-footed Booby (Sotalia guianensis). This space is for groups of students, researchers and ecotourists.

See some more searches:

Click to Download (PT_BR): Environmental Diagnosis of Ilha do Caju

Click to Download (PT_BR): Project Cetaceans of Maranhão Search Gray Boto

Click to Download (PT_BR): Diversity of cetaceans in the Parnaíba Delta or download the Complete Version

Click to Download (PT_BR): Occurrence of Leather Tortoise

Click to Download (PT_BR): Researchers ICEP

Click to Download (PT_BR): Primer PROCEMA

 

Know the activities of PROCEMA
http://www.procema.blogspot.com.br

 

Project Guara

Report on research activities in Ilha do Caju, State of Maranhão.

Coordinator:

Antonio Augusto Ferreira Rodrigues

Introduction:

Eudocimus ruber originally had a geographical distribution that ranged from Colombia to Santa Catarina Island, mainly along the coastal regions covered by mangroves and restingas. However, the current distribution of E. ruber is now practically restricted to the northern half of the original distribution, with some small contingents, around 350 individuals registered in Cubatão (SP).

In Brazil, besides the small center of Cubatão, the current distribution of the guará includes the mangrove areas of Amapá, Pará and Maranhão, between the estuaries of the rivers Oiapoque and Parnaíba. (Antas et al., 1988).

PHOTO: Christian Knepper

On the north coast of South America, the number of reproductive colonies of guará has undergone strong oscillations, mainly between the estuaries of the Orinoco rivers in Venezuela and Amazonas in Brazil. In the areas located south of the Amazon River, existing information regarding the number of reproductive colonies is still fragmented.

Paul Roth (unpublished data), Morrison et al. (1986), Teixeira and Best (1981), Rodrigues and Fernandes (1994), Rodrigues (1995). From 1990 (Martinez and Rodrigues 1999), they followed a reproductive colony on the Island of Cajual, Alcântara - MA, through a project funded by FAPEMA (Foundation for Research Support of the State of Maranhão).

In general, the current picture of the gua does not seem satisfactory, and there are in fact a series of threats, such as alteration of habitat and direct human predation on eggs, puppies and adults, which may compromise in the medium term the continuity of these colonies. Considering that the populations of E. ruber along the coasts of Maranhão and Pará still count on some thousands of birds.

(Rodrigues and Fernandez, 1991; Rodrigues, 1991), its conservation status is apparently good when compared to the almost total extinction of the populations of the South-Southeast of Brazil. Today, the guará is included in IBAMA's list as an endangered species protected by law (Portaria 3.481 DN, May 31, 1973). It is important to note that all species of birds with colonial reproduction are protected by law (Portaria 5.197, Article 1, January 3, 1967). In order to develop a technically correct conservation strategy, it is first necessary to know as closely as possible the present conservation status of the population to be managed, as well as data referring to the ecology and biology of the species. The complete population census of E. ruber on Ilha do Caju and Cajue Island will allow a better understanding of these populations in both areas.

With the studies on reproductive biology, migration and DNA analysis, it will be possible to delimit later the needs of these populations, as well as to know which population nuclei of guarás would provide a sufficient support for a management through the extraction of individuals, aiming the reintroduction of the species in some places where the species occurred in the past.

The present project aims at the complete census of the reproductive populations of E. ruber on the Ilha do Caju and on the Island of Cajual, as well as a study on the reproductive biology and DNA of the two populations.

Photo Chico Rasta

 

Study area

Two locations were selected for the study of E. ruber populations. The first Ilha do Caju (2 ° 44 'S and 42 ° 2' W) is located in the municipality of Araioses - MA, in the Parnaíba River Delta. The vegetation of the Island is a mosaic formed by several elements: open fields (extensive juncais), restinga forest and mangrove (bs. Pess.).

The second, Cajual Island (2 ° 26 'S and 44 ° 30' W) is located in the municipality of Alcântara, within the Golfão Maranhense. The Island is part of a large coastal formation called Reentrancias Maranhenses. Inland there are terra firme vegetation (Restinga, mata) and fields, however, the island is characterized especially by the great extension of mangroves that surrounds and extensive areas of mud exposed during the low sea, ideal environment for feeding the E ruber

 

Methodology

E. ruber terrestrial population censuses on Cashew Island were made in August 1999. Overfishing in the area was carried out at the end of April in order to detect reproductive populations.

PHOTO: Christian Knepper

Access to the ninhal on Cashew Island was done on horseback. The ninhal was built on vegetation on the slope of a pond. 36 pups were collected and placed in cloth sacks for biometrics (measurement of beak and weight and blood extraction for DNA analysis). In order to have an approximate idea of ​​the number of postures of E. ruber in Ilha do Caju, one of the team members counted the number of eggs contained in some nests.

In Cajue Island, the difficulty of access to capture the pups was due to the fact that the nests were constructed in mangrove vegetation with very thin stems and the height varying from 8 to 10 m, making it impossible to climb trees in the trees by the members of team. We suggest that this strategy used by E. ruber may have been caused by the great disturbance that occurs in the colony during the reproductive period. Therefore, blood extraction for DNA analysis will be performed at the next breeding season. The data of E. ruber from Ilha do Caju were compared with data already known from the Island of Cajual. (Martinez and Rodrigues 1999).